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Discussion of environment impact of fibres, fabrics and processes

      N. D. (2012) and Challa (2013) point out that most people know that fashion industries have some important effect to the environment. Most of the fabrics, textiles and dyes which contain harmful chemicals and heavy metals will pollute the water, river, sea, soil and the air during the process. If these pollution do not have careful treated, it will disease human’s health, even if break the ecosystem. Therefore, fashion companies, people and the governments attach importance to textiles production and they also develop new skills which may reduce the pollution in the environment currently.

Cotton

     Baugh (2008), Lee (2009), Kerinmonta (2013), Naib (2012), Spencer (2013) and Kalliala and Nousiainen (1999) declare that "cotton is the most toxic materials because it waste a lot of water, require many energy and use variety pesticide in the world." Farmers need more place to plant the cotton and use more chemicals and pesticide, such DDT and petroleum. It will pollute not only the water and soil after they emit the heavy metals which will disease human health, but also the farmers, other workers and communities. Moreover, more and more farmers die in the pesticide poisoning per year, especially in the developing countries, such as China and India, because they need to provide cotton for the fashion industries to earn money.
 
Others

      N. D. (2005) demonstrates that wool do not have more pollution, only has some chemicals will pollute the drinking water when the workers wash and dye the new wool in the factories. However, when shepherds feed the sheep will cause much pollution to the people and environment. They use some chemicals which will not hurt the sheep but will have some effects for the people and easily to pollute the water and soil. In addition, they will put the antibiotic in the food for the sheep, but it also has some problems. For example, these heavy metals will hurt shepherds, workers and people who live in the community nervous system.

      Wanket (2014) states that when industries use bamboo to make the textile, and it will create the caustic soda and lye in the produce process. These chemical in the air is similar to natural gas which is not good for human being. It also pollutes the water when workers wash the new textile which is made by bamboo.
      The other fabrics, such as silk, flax, ramie, hemp, natural bamboo and rayon from bamboo, all are pollution the water and environment with variety chemicals or heavy metals in the process. (N. D., 2014)
     
     To sum up all information, designers must consider about the environment and social responsibilities when they decide to make clothes. Not only focus on the comfortable for customers, but also the environment and social benefits. Customers also need to realize and gain the information of clothes components from companies to select the clothes which they want to buy.
 
References


1.    Baugh, G. (2008). Polyester V.S. Cotton – which is better for the environment? [Online]. Available from: http://www.udel.edu/fiber/issue2/responsibility/
2.      Challa, L. (2013). Impact of textiles and clothing industry on environment: Approach towards eco-friendly textiles. [Online]. Available from: http://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/textile-industry-articles/impact-of-textiles-and-clothing-industry-on-environment/impact-of-textiles-and-clothing-industry-on-environment1.asp
3.      Figure 1: Stark. T. (2011). Stop making China suffer toxic pollution for Western fashion. Ecologist, 15th Sep. Available from: http://www.theecologist.org/blogs_and_comments/commentators/other_comments/1053117/stop_making_china_suffer_toxic_pollution_for_western_fashion.html     [Accessed 15/09/11].
4.      Kalliala, M. E., and Nousiainen, P. (1999). Life cycle assessment – environmental profile of cotton and polyester – cotton fabrics. AUTEX Research Journal. 1(1).
5.      Kerinnonta, S. (2013). Discussion of environmental impact of fibers, fabrics and process. [Online]. Available from: http://sukrittakerinnonta.wordpress.com/2013/11/07/discussion-of-environmental-impact-of-fibres-fabrics-and-processes/  [Accessed 07/11013].
6.      Lee, M. (2009). What’s the most sustainable fabrics. Ecologist, 6th February. Available from: http://www.theecologist.org/green_green_living/clothing/268798/whats_the_most_sustainable_fabric.html  [Accessed 06/02/09].
7.      Naib (2012). Making green choices – benefits of handmade clothing. [Weblog]. The Sietch Blog. 15th April. Available from: http://blog.thesietch.org/tag/textile-waste-water-pollution/  [Accessed 15/04/12].
8.      N. D. (2005). Wool – facts behind the fabrics. [Weblog]. Organic clothing, 8th Nov. Available from: http://organicclothing.blogs.com/my_weblog/2005/11/wool_facts_behi.html  [Accessed 08/11/05].
9.      N. D. (2012). Various pollutants released into environment by textile industry. [Online]. Fibre2fashion, 24th May. Available from: http://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/41/4052/various-pollutants-released1.asp
10.  N, D. (2014). Textiles, leathers and the environment. Available from: http://www.instyle.com.au/userfiles/file/-Leather/Leather%20and%20the%20Environment/Environmental-Impact-of-Fibres-Print-Version-v2(1).pdf
11.  Spencer. H. (2013). Five reasons the fashion industry is greeninh its act. [Online]. Good. Available from: http://magazine.good.is/articles/five-reasons-the-fashion-industry-is-greening-its-act  [Accessed 26/10/13].
12.  Stark. T. (2011). Stop making China suffer toxic pollution for Western fashion. Ecologist, 15th Sep. Available from: http://www.theecologist.org/blogs_and_comments/commentators/other_comments/1053117/stop_making_china_suffer_toxic_pollution_for_western_fashion.html   [Accessed 15/09/11].
Wanket, K. (2014). How much pollution does bamboo cause? Fiberelement. Available from: http://fiberelement.com/how-much-pollution-does-bamboo-cause/
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