Discussion of environment impact of fibres, fabrics and processes
Baugh (2008), Lee (2009), Kerinmonta (2013), Naib (2012), Spencer (2013) and Kalliala and Nousiainen (1999) declare that "cotton is the most toxic materials because it waste a lot of water, require many energy and use variety pesticide in the world." Farmers need more place to plant the cotton and use more chemicals and pesticide, such DDT and petroleum. It will pollute not only the water and soil after they emit the heavy metals which will disease human health, but also the farmers, other workers and communities. Moreover, more and more farmers die in the pesticide poisoning per year, especially in the developing countries, such as China and India, because they need to provide cotton for the fashion industries to earn money.
N. D. (2005) demonstrates that wool do not have more pollution, only has some chemicals will pollute the drinking water when the workers wash and dye the new wool in the factories. However, when shepherds feed the sheep will cause much pollution to the people and environment. They use some chemicals which will not hurt the sheep but will have some effects for the people and easily to pollute the water and soil. In addition, they will put the antibiotic in the food for the sheep, but it also has some problems. For example, these heavy metals will hurt shepherds, workers and people who live in the community nervous system.
Wanket (2014) states that when industries use bamboo to make the textile, and it will create the caustic soda and lye in the produce process. These chemical in the air is similar to natural gas which is not good for human being. It also pollutes the water when workers wash the new textile which is made by bamboo.
The other fabrics, such as silk, flax, ramie, hemp, natural bamboo and rayon from bamboo, all are pollution the water and environment with variety chemicals or heavy metals in the process. (N. D., 2014)
To sum up all information, designers must consider about the environment and social responsibilities when they decide to make clothes. Not only focus on the comfortable for customers, but also the environment and social benefits. Customers also need to realize and gain the information of clothes components from companies to select the clothes which they want to buy.
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